Noah Brier | October 16, 2019

Why is this interesting? - The Shape of Stories Edition

On McPhee, Vonnegut, and attempts to picture stories

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Draft No. 4: On the Writing Process

In 2017, John McPhee came out with a book called Draft No. 4 which outlined his writing process, including his unique approach to outlining his stories.

Seven Fires: Grilling the Argentine Way
Seven Fires: Grilling the Argentine Way

Francis Mallmann, an Argentine chef master of grilling over open flames, shares his expertise in Seven Fires: Grilling the Argentine Way.

Noah here. I was recently reminded of this excellent New York Times Magazine profile of the writer John McPhee. McPhee, as I’m sure some of you are aware, is a journalist and writing professor at Princeton who is considered one of the leading voices of literary/creative nonfiction. He’s written books that range from the retelling of a single 1968 tennis match, to a book-length profile of Bill Bradley’s time at Princeton, to the story of a conservationist and his three enemies. In 2017 he came out with a book called Draft No. 4 which outlined his writing process, including his unique approach to outlining his stories, which the Times story illustrated well:

This inscrutable pictogram turned out to be the structure of a 1973 New Yorker essay called “Travels in Georgia,” in which McPhee describes a long road trip with ecologists who, among other things, eat roadkill. (“Weasel,” in the diagram, refers to the time McPhee ate one.) The piece is one of McPhee’s early magazine masterpieces, its language lovely (“The darkness in there was so rich it felt warm,” he writes of a swamp) and its characters almost unbelievably vivid. (“She had a frog in each hand and saw another frog, so she put one frog into her mouth while she caught the third.”) Like much of McPhee’s work, it sits at some thrilling intersection of short story, essay, documentary, field research and epic poem.

Why is this interesting?

First and foremost, I’m a sucker for this sort of stuff. As someone who likes to write, it’s fascinating to understand the process followed by one of the best in the business. It’s not just nice-looking graphics either, McPhee is a treasure trove for this kind of insight: Such as his unique dictionary usage or custom-built word processor.

Beyond that, though, there’s a particularly interesting thread to pull on around how you visualize stories. Kurt Vonnegut spent a good amount of time thinking about this as well, though his approach was quite different than McPhee’s.  

All stories, Vonnegut argues, can be plotted against a Y-axis of good and ill fortune and an X-axis of time, from beginning to end. Most stories follow a few familiar arcs: Man falls in hole, starting high in good fortune, before dipping low into ill fortune, and then climbing back up to good fortune, ending a bit above where he started. Cinderella, on the other hand, starts low in ill fortune and climbs her way up to good fortune only to fall back down until she finally escapes into a long life above the line. A graphic designer named Maya Eilam took the time to chart these out much more neatly than Vonnegut bothered (via OpenCulture):

The exception to this rule? Hamlet. As Vonnegut charts it, the story is a straight line that starts in ill fortune and never really goes up or down. At each major turn, we’re left to wonder whether the news is good or bad. This, in Vonnegut’s view, is why the story is a masterpiece: “We are so seldom told the truth. In Hamlet, Shakespeare tells us that we don’t know enough about life to know what the good news and bad news is and we respond to that. Thank you, Bill!” (NRB)

Recommendation of the Day:

I’ve been on a big Francis Mallmann kick lately. He’s an Argentine chef that has become the master of grilling over open flames. Plus, he lives on a small island on a remote lake in Patagonia and lives a pretty interesting life. Worth picking up his book, Seven Fires, here, and also reading the Best Made article about him with an incredible slide show as a bonus. (CJN)

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Thanks for reading,

Noah (NRB) & Colin (CJN)

PS - Noah here. I’ve started a new company and we are looking for our first engineer and designer to join the team. If you are one of those or know anyone who is great, please share. Dinner’s on me at a restaurant of your choice if you help us find someone.

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